悟梦机四肖中特:宝山卷 | 攻克2020高考一模十大难关，这些考题你都会吗？（第二期）
第二期 | 2020宝山区一模十大难关
Finally in 1914, the president made it official. He declared that each second Sunday in May (23) _____ (dedicate) to thanking the nation’s mothers.
Mexico celebrated its first official Mother’s Day on May 10, 1922. May 10th became their annual holiday because the country preferred a fixed date to (26) _____ that changed.
But why do we honor our mothers? Many moms lovingly dedicate their lives to their children. Moms sacrifice time, sleep and often their own dreams. Moms try to provide a strong foundation (28) _____ _____ children can build their lives.
23. would be dedicated
28. so that / on which
23. 本句考查宾语从句的时态和语态。dedicate解释为“奉献，致力于”，根据句意理解，应该填被动语态的形式。主句He declared that…是一般过去时，declare宣称，所以是将来会发生的事情，要用过去将来时，因此填would be dedicated。
26. 本题难度较大。prefer sth. to sth. 固定搭配，a fixed date解释为“固定日期”，“_____ that changed”指比起变化的日期更喜欢固定的日期，需要填写一个代词，因此填one。
28. 根据句意，“妈妈们努力为了孩子们的生活打下坚实的基础。”，可以填so that，为目的状语从句。也可以填on which，为定语从句，从句children can build their lives不缺成分，需要填一个关系副词，而因为本题有两个空，关系副词=介词+关系代词，先行词为foundation，和on搭配，因此填on which。
Monaco Grand Prix
The air is fresh with the heat of early summer as you arrive in the beautiful country of Monaco on the day of the race. Your 41 (ride) to the Monte-Carlo neighborhood is bursting with color as classic styles of European architecture catch your eye. When you reach the race course area, you are led to the harbor where you will watch the race from the 42 of a friend’s yacht (游艇). Soon, the Formula One cars will pull onto the starting point and the race will begin.
On race day the grandstands (大看台) are filled with excitement as you enter the Indianapolis Motor Speedway. You find your seat, 48 yourself against the harsh heat and marvel at the huge black oval (椭圆形的) track below. Moments later, a fleet of Indy Cars rolls onto the track, 49 (arranging) themselves in 11 neat rows of three. The sound of 33 turning engines rings in your ears, and you cheer with the crowd as the powerful cars take off from the starting line.
Monaco Grand Prix： 摩纳哥大奖赛
42. A ；48. D
42. 选A. bottom首先排除，不可能从游艇底部观看比赛，position位置，direction方向，语法上并没有错误。但是comfort强调通过痛苦的事情或长途跋涉后得到缓解所感到的舒适，与之前的ride相呼应。介词短语from the comfort of sth. 在...舒适的环境下。此选项为最佳答案。
48. 选D. 根据against the harsh heat 可以判断用动词fan, 表示“扇动”以此来给自己降温，fight against“与...作斗争”逻辑上成立，但是后面的宾语是yourself, 意思不通顺。Draw和push用在这里意思都不对。另外，marvel at the huge black oval track表示被赛道的宏大震惊，fan在这里引申“为自己压压惊”。并且这里fan要用现在分词，作伴随状语。
Anyone can help Wild Track by taking images of tracks and sending them to a partner organization called naturalist.org. The only tool you need is a digital camera or cellphone. After finding a clear track, place one ruler along the bottom of the footprint and another along the left side. Below the footprint, place a note containing your exact name and the date. Holding the camera or cellphone directly above the track, take a photo showing the footprint, rulers and note. Later, visit inaturalist.org and follow the instructions on the site to send your photo.
58. What does this article talk about in detail?
A. A list of locations worth exploring
B. A strategy for acquiring equipment
C. A warning not to engage in hunting
D. A technique containing several steps
The millimeter waves used in 5G are absorbed by the upper layers of skin, potentially causing the temperature of the skin to rise, said Suresh Borkar, senior lecturer in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the Illinois Institute of Technology. The effects of extended rises in skin temperature “become a big unknown,” he said.
64. What can be inferred from the passage?
A.Millimeter waves certainly affect people’s health seriously.
B.Millimeter waves will cause the skin’s temperature to rise.
C.It’s obvious that many scientists object to 5G technology.
D.It’s hard to say whether millimeter waves do damage to health.
本文选自McKinsey & Company麦肯锡咨询公司的文章Are you ready for 5G?探讨了5G带了更高更快更强网络便利的同时对健康问题的探讨。
64. 细节推理题，答案为【D】。A、C选项均不能由文中内容得出结论，故排除。此题看到第3个小标题下第3段The millimeter waves used in 5G are absorbed by the upper layers of skin, potentially causing the temperature of the skin to rise易误选为B，但要注意文中使用的是potentially（可能地），而B选项用的是肯定的表达。同时，后文提到The effects of extended rises in skin temperature “become a big unknown,”以及This isn’t the first time people will come into contact with millimeter waves可得知D选项正确。
①People choose to become entrepreneurs (创业者) for a wide variety of reasons. One important reason is, of course, financial reward. If you own your own business and it becomes successful, you can reap huge financial rewards. And as an entrepreneur, dependent on how much your boss decides to give you; it’s limited only by the success of your business. And speaking of bosses, not having a supervisor is another major advantage of becoming an entrepreneur. Entrepreneurs are often independent thinkers who want to be in charge of projects, rather than having others tell them what to do. They often have big dreams that they want to pursue rather than making someone else’s dream come true. For many entrepreneurs, starting a business is a way of solving a problem or helping people receive something they need. It’s a way to change the world for the better.
②Being an entrepreneur isn’t easy, however, nor is it always fun. Entrepreneurs often have to work long hours, especially early on when they’re trying to get their businesses off the ground. That’s the reason entrepreneurs need to have a strong work ethic (伦理). Employees can work 40 hours a week and then stop, but for an entrepreneur, there’s no end in sight.
③That’s why another feature of successful entrepreneurs is passion; they have to be excited about what they’re doing to be willing to work hard for it. Entrepreneurs also need good communication skills to pass on that passion to others. That’s important for finding investors, getting people to buy products and attracting employees.
④Entrepreneurs also need to be creative people who are able to find solutions to problems they encounter. This is important from the very beginning, when the entrepreneur comes up with an initial concept of a business. But even after that initial step, creative thinking is continually necessary to adapt to changing situations and to solve problems that come up.
This passage is about the advantages and challenges of starting a business. On one hand, a boss can get financial rewards and independence avoiding control from others. On the other hand, a boss must have passion for his own business, good communication skills and creative thinking, which can help him solve problems. (52 words)
one important reason us financial reward.
not having a supervisor is another major advantage
-have big dreams that they want to pursue
being an entrepreneur isn’t easy, however, nor is it always fun
-work long hours
-have a strong work ethic
another feature of successful is entrepreneurs is passion.
need communication skills
entrepreneurs need to be creative people to solve problems before after initial step.
This passage is about the advantages and necessary abilities that an entrepreneur has to start his own business. As an entrepreneur his will not only receive a good financial reward but become an independent thinker to take charge of the project and to realize his dream as well. However, his must endure the long working hours, have a strong work concept and be creative enough to solve the problems before and after the initial step. Meanwhile, he must be full of passion and be good at communicating with others. （89words）
This passage is about the advantages and necessary abilities that an entrepreneur has to start his own business. He will receive a good financial reward and avoid controlling by others. Passion, good communication skills and creativity are indispensable, which will help him to solve problems. Meanwhile, his must endure the long working hours and have a strong work concept. （59words）
73. Only by developing, using and governing the internet well can it better benefit mankind.
“只有......才......”固定翻译为only...can...。另外，此句重点考查Only+介词短语置于句首，后边紧跟的句子要用部分倒装的形式。Only后边用什么介词，可以考虑用by doing，表示通过某种方式、方法。三个并列词组“发展好、运用好、治理好”可以共享一个副词well。最后一个词组“更好造福人类”，可以翻译为better benefit mankind。
拿到这样一篇要求的作文，需要迅速抓住几个要点来进行审题，确保自己后续的写作不偏题。这篇作文的几个要点为：1. 作文批阅 2. 题目列出的几种批阅方式 3. 就此情况通过微信和老师沟通 4. 内容包括喜欢哪种方式和理由；提出提高批改效率的合理化建议和理由。写这篇文章的难度在于题干要求通过微信进行沟通，因此要注意书写格式，要符合微信沟通的模式；另外，从学生角度去建议老师如何更高效地批改作文，并给出理由，这个话题是大多数学生容易忽视的领域，需要将论点和论据紧密联系，建议先列好提纲。
In the recent semesters, our compositions have been assessed in different ways. In this process, my writing skills in developing the contents coherently and effectively and enriching my opinions with advanced words and expressions have improved.Among the methods that you use to correct our compositions, in my opinion, the most effective one is the teacher-student correction. First and foremost, I am able to understand the point where I misuse any words or expressions in that your red marks mark my mistakes on my white notebook — quite alarming and striking. Moreover, it will be a lot easier for me to have your attention to my academic inquiries, which facilitate you to guide me further on writing compositions.Like an old saying goes ‘people prefer to go to high, water seeks its own level’, from my perspective, there are always something to be enhanced in terms of the way our compositions are evaluated. To begin with, our assignment could be handed in each time we complete with it, after which, as a teacher, you point out our less effective expressions and other problems in every aspect. What comes next is that we exchange our assignment with our desk mates and discuss how to polish our writing both based on your suggestions and newly found problems. At last, we rewrite and take in what we have learned during the process. Only through being little teachers can we really learn from our mistakes as well as learn with our peers. Creative work could hardly be perfect without revising over and over again, the process of which is sometimes quite enjoyable. To conclude, the aim of my suggestion is to learn the English writing skills more effectively and interestingly. Through the approaches, we are given an opportunity to understand what we are lack of as well as how to embellish our writing. Be it the structure or the language, I hope our writing will soon go from strength to strength.
Li Ming （340字）
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